The Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes, on the Greek island of Rhodes by Charles of Lindos between 292 and 280 B.C. It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes victory over the Cyprus ruler – Antigonus I Monophthalmus.
This is considered one of the seven wonders, which was also considered one of the shortest lived. After spending 12 years to build it, the towering figure broke at its knee, a mere 56 years later due to an earthquake. It is made of stone and iron, of which its exterior is embodied by bronze, representing the Greek God of Sun – Helios.
Today, this tallest known structure to the ancient world no longer straddles over the harbor.
The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering El Giza, Egypt. It is also the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World.
It was also the tallest man-made structure for more than 3,800 years since 2560 BCE.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Thought to be the only Seven Wonder of the World to be purely legendary.
Described in ancient writings, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon was supposed to be built in Modern Day Babil Province, Iraq.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria
A tower built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 280 and 247 BC on the coastal island of Pharos at Alexandria, Egypt. It was estimated to be about 450 ft. One of the tallest man-made structures for many centuries, that was later badly damaged by 3 earthquakes and eventually became an abandoned ruin.
The lighthouse was constructed in the 3rd century, on solid blocks of limestone and the light was created by a furnace at the top. It took 12 years to complete and later served as the prototype for all future lighthouses.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
It is a giant seated figure, towering at about 42 ft tall. The chryselephantine sculpture was plated with ivory and golden panels over a wooden framework. The Statue of Zeus represented the god Zeus sitting on the cedarwood throne ornamented with ivory, gold and precious stones. It was eventually destroyed in the 5th Century A.D.
The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
The Temple of Artemis was a Greek Temple dedicated to the Greek Goddess Artmeis. It was located to be in modern day Turkey. It was completely rebuilt three times before its eventual destruction. Today at it’s site remains the foundation and sculpture ruins of the latest temple.